Pediatric Eye Exam
The American Optometric Association states that “eye and vision problems in children are a significant public health concern. Since eye and vision problems can become worse over time, early diagnosis and treatment are essential to optimize children’s eye health and vision and to prevent future vision loss. Eye and vision disorders can lead to problems in a child’s normal development, school performance, social interactions, and self-esteem. Vision disorders that occur in childhood may manifest as problems well into adulthood, affecting an individual’s level of education, employment opportunities, and social interactions.” (https://www.aoa.org/?sso=y)
At Pavletic Eye Care we provide comprehensive eye exams for children preschool age and older. Younger patients may be seen at the doctors discretion. We are able to detect and determine the course of management for various pediatric vision issues. We are passionate about making sure children can reach their full potential in school, sports and their daily life. We aim to make sure that vision is not the limiting factor.
It is recommended that all school age children have yearly eye exams to ensure optimal eye health and function. Children that have pre-existing eye conditions or risk factors for vision issues may require more frequent eye exams.
Common risk factors for vision problems include:
- premature birth
- developmental delays
- turned or crossed eyes
- family history of eye disease or eye turn
- history of eye injury
- systemic conditions known to have ocular manifestations
Screen time has become a prominent activity in the lives of children. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have set the following guidelines for screen time by age.
Less than 18 months: none
Toddlers (18-24 months): little to no screen time recommended
Preschool Age (3-5 years): up to 1 hour per day
Elementary School Age (6-10 years): up to 1.5 hours per day
Middle School Age (11-13 years): up to 2 hours per day
With an increase in screen times comes more eyestrain, eye fatigue, headaches, blurred vision and dry eye. It is very important to not only follow the recommended screen time guidelines to the best of your ability, but to take frequent breaks from screen time to allow your eyes to refocus and to help minimize symptoms. A yearly eye exam is recommended to ensure that the eyes and visual pathway are developing appropriately and functioning optimally.